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Thanks to factors such as low cost, speed and maneuverability, load-carrying capacity, the ability to create fear and chaos, maximum effect in achieving the goal and being risk free for the organization that will organize the attack; drone and mini UAVs can be used by hostile and terrorist organizations for attack, espionage, harassment and drone attacks have become a strikingly growing global threat.

As concerns about potential security threats increase, anti-drone systems developed with new generation technologies are rapidly becoming worldwide. The number of countries concentrating their studies on the tools and methods of monitoring and passivating unmanned aerial vehicles is increasing rapidly with each passing day. It is known that there are more than 200 different anti-drone systems in recent years and about 40% of them can only be used for detection, 35% only for prevention and 25% for simultaneous detection, tracking and prevention. The fact that countries have significantly increased the amount they allocate to the opportunities and capabilities that will resist unmanned systems in their defense budgets shows that the anti-UAV systems are the fastest growing trend related to unmanned systems in defense spending in recent years.

Anti-drone systems utilize various technologies in detecting and tracking drone and mini UAVs, and the aforementioned capabilities can be used alone or together to be more effective. In existing detection, classification and tracking systems; It uses radar, radio frequency (RF), electro-optic (EO), infrared (IR) and acoustic sensor methods. One of the most common methods are radar systems. In radar systems, algorithmic techniques can also be used to distinguish UAVs from other weather elements and birds. By scanning the frequency ranges used by radio frequency (RF), drone and mini UAVs, it can detect the threatening elements. Electro-optic (EO) sensors enable imaging, acoustic sensors capture sound, and infrared sensors allow detection of the drone and mini UAVs by capturing heat dissipation. These techniques alone are not effective in detecting and monitoring all threatening elements, and existing systems are based on multiple use of these methods.

On the other hand, different techniques can be used together to eliminate the detected unmanned aerial systems threats. These techniques are often; functional destruction (soft kill) (Jamming and spoofing) and physical destruction (hard kill) (bullet, network and laser) capabilities. The jamming method causes drone and mini UAVs to land on the ground, return to the departure point or continues their flight suspended by disruption of radio frequency or satellite communication signals, and also the image transfer is interrupted. Spoofing, on the other hand, is the technique of capturing the control or satellite connections of threat elements.

The prominent methods in counteracting drone and mini UAVs with their physical destruction capabilities are bullet, network and laser systems. Conventional weapons that can be used widely are considered as an important option to equip anti-drone systems. Systems that neutralize threat elements with the network are also one of the techniques currently used. In addition, laser (directed energy weapons) weapons are a very effective method used against light, slow and low altitude drone and mini UAVs.


A Dynamic Defense Against Enemy Drones with “KUBBE”

RST develops powerful, ready-to-use, end-to-end solutions to protect critical bases and zones defined as strategic facilities such as government borders, power plants, oil pipelines, military bases, and airports against drone and mini UAV threats.

While the KUBBE Anti-Drone System ooffers superior drone detection and tracking performance with its radar system and optional thermal / optical cameras, it also allows the drone and mini UAV threats to be neutralized with the optional RF mixer. In the KUBBE Anti-Drone System, in order to create the most effective solution against threats, according to on-site inspections; different configurations and sensor types can be integrated according to the purpose. On the other hand, if necessary, these different sensors and countermeasures can be integrated together in positions such as on the vehicle.